Facts and Figures – Data

Population, Competitiveness, Living Standards
 
Data
Latest
Population
 
 64.1
 2013
Life Expectancy
 
 81.50
 2012
Human Development Index
 
 0.907
 2014
Ease of Doing Business Index
 
 82.46
 2016
Global Competitiveness Index
 
 5.4 out of 7
 2016
Corruption Perceptions Index
 
 81
 2015
Gini coefficient
 
 £25,700
 2015
Real GDP per head (PPP)
 
 40933.46
 2015
UK Real GDP per head (PPP) as % of world average
 
 41,159
 2015
 
 
 
 
Economic Structure
 
 
 
Agriculture (% of GDP)
 
 0.7%
2014 
Industry (Manufacturing + Construction) (% of GDP)
 
 21%
 2014
Services (% of GDP)
 
78.3% 
 2014
Exports as a share of GDP
 
 27.4
 2015
Imports as a share of GDP
 
 29.4
 2015
Investment as a share of GDP
 
 17
 2015
Inward foreign direct investment as % of GDP
 
1.4 %
 2015
UK GDP as a share of world total
 
 2.36%
 2015
 
 
 
 
Unemployment and Inflation
 
 
 
Unemployment rate (% of the labour force)
 
 6.3%
 2014
Employment rate (%)
 
 72%
 2014
CPI inflation (annual % change)
 
 0.6%
 2016
 
 
 
 
Components of GDP (AD=C+I+G+X-M)
 
 
 
Real GDP
 
 41,787.47 
 2013
Consumer spending
 
 305664
2016 
Investment
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of goods and services
 
 7.4
 2016
Imports of goods and services
 
 837,704.81
 2015
 
 
 
 
Manufacturing output
 
 0.1%
 2016
Service sector output
 
 104.7
 2016
 
 
 
 
Selection of key economic policy indicators
 
 
 
Budget balance (% of GDP)
 
 -4.4
 2015
Current account balance (% of GDP)
 
 -5.2
 2016
Trade balance in goods and services (£billion)
 
 -4502
 2016
Gross Government debt (% of GDP)
 
 90.6
 2013
Bank of England policy interest rate (per cent)
 
 0.25%
 2016
Interest rate (yield) on 10 year government bonds
 
 0.74
 2016
Research & development spending (% of GDP)
 
 1.63
 2016
Output gap (% of potential GDP
 
 -0.35
2015 
House prices (average % change in prices)
 
 £216,750
 2016
International currency reserves
 
 147319.66
 2016
Openness to trade (X +M as a % of GDP)
 
 57
 2016
% of UK exports going to the EU
 
 44%
 2015
% of UK imports coming from the EU
 
 53%
 2015
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